Fernando Bayona

Mia Milano 2016

Kir Royal Gallery

Paragraph 175 is a complex and ambitious research project in a documentary style that, through photography, video, sculpture and installation, debates the unknown medical program undertaken by the Nazi regime during the Second World War for finding a vaccine against homosexuality.
The photographs document the exact sites where they carried out the clinical trials aimed at finding a cure for this sickness. They take place in the concentration camps of Sachsenhausen (Oranienburg, 20 km from Berlin), Ravensbrück (in the town of Fürstenberg, 120 km north of Berlin and close to the border with Poland) and Buchenwald (just 5 km from Weimar), all in Germany. The images are integrated with two videos of 5 minutes duration each, 10 pieces of expanded picture (halfway between sculpture and photography) and an installation.
Paragraph 175 is a photographic series that takes its title from the Article 175 of the German penal code (§ 175 StGB-Deutschland), which says that homosexual relationships between males should be punished. This legal norm was in force in Germany from the 1st of January 1872 until the 11th of June 1994.
Article 175, in most cases, has never been legally applied, although the famous incident of the 29th of June 1934 (The night of the large knives) ended in the assassination of Ernst Röhm, one of the top leaders of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) and openly homosexual, and it laid the basis of the guidelines started by the Party against the gay community.
In 1935, the Nazi regime hardened the article to increase the maximum penalty from...
FERNANDO BAYONA (Jaén, Spain, 1980)
Lives and works in Spain.

2008 Master in Photography and Visual Design, NABA University, Milan, Italy
2004-2007 PhD in Arts, Faculty of Fine Art Alonso Cano, University of Granada, Spain
2003-2004 Master in Graphic Design, Junta de Andalucía, Spain
1999-2004 Degree in Fine Arts, Faculty of Fine Art Alonso Cano, University of Granada, Spain

2014 The Life of the Other, Kir Royal Gallery, Valencia, Spain
2013 What Never Was, Bienal Internacional de Fotografía de Córdoba, Teatro Cómico, Córdoba, Spain
2012 Short Cuts, Galería La Casa Rosa, Málaga, Spain
2012 What Never Was, Galería 6mas1, Madrid, Spain
2012 Circus Christi, Kir Royal Gallery, Valencia, Spain
2012 Long, Long Time Ago, Cube Space, Foco Gallery, Alicante, Spain
2011 How Can I Explain It to You?, MUVIM (Museo Valenciano de la Ilustración y la Modernidad), Valencia, Spain
2011 Circus Christi, Galería 6mas1, Madrid, Spain
2011 Érase una Vez, Sala Rivadavia, Diputación de Cádiz, Cádiz, Spain
2011 Face to Face, Sala Siglo XXI, Diputación de Huelva, Spain
2011 Circus Christi, Galería de Arte Contemp. AMMAC, Puertollano, Ciudad Real, Spain
2010 Recent Works: Erwin Olaf & Fernando Bayona, Centro de Arte Contemporáneo de S. Moritz, Switzerland
2010 Long, Long Time Ago, Centro de Arte Contemporáneo BSI de Lugano, Switzerland
2010 Once Upon a Time vs Circus Christi, Galería 3 Punts, Barcelona, Spain
2010 Tableaux Vivants, Galería La Lisa, Albacete, Spain
2010 Circus, Centro...
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